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Gerald Stern, award-winning American lyric poet, dies aged 97 | Poetry

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Gerald Stern, one of America’s most beloved and respected poets, who wrote with melancholy passion and earthly humor about his childhood, Judaism, mortality and the wonders of the contemplative life, has died . He was 97 years old.

Stern, New Jersey’s first poet laureate, died Thursday at Calvary Hospice in New York, according to his longtime partner, Anne Marie Macari. A statement from Macari, released by publisher WW Norton on Saturday, did not include the cause of death.

Winner of the National Book Award in 1998 for the anthology This Time, Stern, bald and round-eyed, has sometimes been mistaken in person for Allen Ginsberg and often compared to Walt Whitman because of his lyrical and sensual style, and his gift to marry the physique. world to the greater cosmos.

Stern was shaped by the harsh, urban environment of his native Pittsburgh, but he also identified strongly with nature and animals, marveling at the “power” of a maple tree, comparing himself to a hummingbird or a squirrel, or finding the “secret of life” in a dead animal on the road.

A lifelong agnostic who also believed fiercely in “the idea of ​​the Jew”, the poet wrote more than a dozen books and described himself as “part comic, part idealist, colored with irony, smeared with mockery and sarcasm”. In poems and essays, he wrote with particular intensity about the past—his immigrant parents, his long-lost friends and lovers, and the stark divisions between rich and poor and Jew and non-Jew in Pittsburgh. He considered The One Thing in Life, from the 1977 collection Lucky Life, to be the poem that best defined him:

There’s a sweetness buried in my mind

there is water with a small cave behind

there is a mouth that speaks Greek

That’s what I keep to myself; to which I return;

the one thing no one else wanted

He was over 50 before winning major awards, but was quoted often during the latter half of his life. In addition to his National Book Award, he was a Pulitzer Prize finalist in 1991 for Leaving Another Kingdom, and has received lifetime achievement awards such as the Ruth Lilly Prize and the Wallace Stevens Prize. In 2013, the Library of Congress awarded him the Rebekah Johnson Bobbitt National Prize for Early Collected Poems and commended him as “one of the great American poet-proclaimers in the Whitmanic tradition: with moments of humor and whimsy, and an enduring generosity, his work celebrates the mythological power of art”.

Meanwhile, he was named New Jersey’s first Poet Laureate, in 2000, and inadvertently contributed to the post’s rapid demise. After serving his two-year term, he recommended Amiri Baraka as his successor. Baraka would spark fierce outcry with his 2002 poem Somebody Blew Up America, which alleged that Israel had advance knowledge of the September 11 attacks the previous year. Baraka refused to step down, so the state decided not to have a winner anymore.

Stern, born in 1925, recalled no major literary influences as a child, but spoke of the lasting trauma of the death of his older sister, Sylvia, when he was eight years old. He would describe himself as “a thug who hung out in pool halls and got into fights”. But, he told the New York Times in 1999, he was a cultured hoodlum who excelled in college. Stern studied political science at the University of Pittsburgh and earned a master’s degree in comparative literature from Columbia University. Ezra Pound and WB Yeats were among the first poets he read carefully.

Stern lived in Europe and New York in the 1950s, eventually settling in a 19th-century home near the Delaware River in Lambertville. His creative development came slowly. It was only during free time in the army, where he served for a short time after World War II, that he conceived the “sweet idea” of writing for a living. He spent much of his 30s working on a poem about the American presidency, The Pineys, but was desperate for it to be “indulgent” and “boring”. As he approached his forties, he worried that he had become an “eternally old student” and an “eternally young instructor”. During his midlife crisis, he finally found his voice as a poet, discovering that he had “taken an easier path” than he should have.

“It also had to do with the realization that my protracted youth was over, that I would not live forever, that death was not just a literary event but a very real and very personal one,” he wrote in the essay Some Secrets, published in 1983. “I was able to let go and finally be myself and lose my shame and my pride.”

His marriage to Patricia Miller ended in divorce. They had two children, Rachael Stern Martin and David Stern.

Stern mostly avoided topical poems, but he was a lifelong political activist whose causes included desegregating a swimming pool in Indiana, Pennsylvania, and organizing an anti-apartheid reading at the University of Iowa. He taught at several schools, but was highly skeptical of writing programs and college life. At Temple University, he was so enraged by the school’s decision in the 1950s to build a 6-foot brick wall separating the campus from neighboring black neighborhoods in Philadelphia that he insisted on climbing the wall on the class path.

“The institution subtly and insidiously works on you in such a way that even though you seem to have freedom, you become a servant,” he told online publication The Rumpus in 2010. get promoted to the next thing. Or get invited to a picnic. Or get tenured. Or get laid.

Besides Macari and her children, Stern is survived by her grandchildren Dylan and Alana Stern and Rebecca and Julia Martin.